Carbon Monoxide

Carbon-MonoxideCarbon monoxide is an odorless, colorless and toxic gas. Because it is impossible to see, taste or smell, CO can kill you before you are aware it is in your home. At lower levels of exposure, CO causes mild effects that are often mistaken for the flu. These symptoms include headaches, dizziness, disorientation, nausea and fatigue. The effects of CO exposure can vary greatly from person to person depending on age, overall health, the concentration of the gas, and length of exposure.
Carbon Monoxide is:

  • A colorless, odorless, tasteless gas, slightly lighter than air
  • Highly  toxic to humans and animals in higher quantities
  • A byproduct of incomplete combustion in fuel-burning appliances such as furnaces, ranges, water heaters, room heaters, fireplaces, etc.

The Consumer Products Safety Commission recommends that every home have at least one CO alarm that meets the requirements of the most recent Underwriters Laboratories (UL) 2034 standard or  the International Approval Services 6-96 standard.  Ideally, this means one alarm on each level of the home.

We recommend that you replace the batteries in your CO detector each year when daylight savings time ends and the clocks are set back one hour.

For more information, see the EPA link about carbon monoxide and CO detectors:
http://www.epa.gov/iaq/co.html

COillustration

Steps to Reduce Exposure to Carbon Monoxide
It is extremely important that all combustion equipment is maintained and properly adjusted.  The operation of all motor vehicles in adjacent buildings should be carefully managed.  Additional ventilation can be used as a temporary measure when high levels of CO are expected for short periods of time.

  • Keep gas appliances properly adjusted.
  • Consider purchasing a vented space heater when replacing an unvented one.
  • Use proper fuel in kerosene space heaters.
  • Install and use an exhaust fan vented to the outdoors over gas stoves.
  • Open flues when fireplaces are in use.
  • Choose properly sized wood stoves that are certified to meet EPA emission standards. Make certain that doors on all wood stoves fit tightly.
  • Have a trained professional inspect, clean, and tune-up central heating system (furnaces, flues, and chimneys) annually. Repair any leaks promptly.
  • Do not idle the car inside garage.
  • Only run generators outside. Never use a generator inside homes, garages, crawlspaces, sheds, or similar areas. Deadly levels of carbon monoxide can quickly build up in these areas and can linger for hours, even after the generator has shut off.
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