Lead Information

The EPA Renovation, Repair, and Painting Program

To sign up for this program, contact Emerald Environmental Education at 413-736-5323 or 413-218-6300. Sign up by October 1st and don’t let the EPA fine you up to $32,500.

Current dates: October 28th, October 30th, and November 5th.

General Lead Based Paint Information

Federal standards define lead-based paint as:

  • Any paint or surfaced coatings that contain lead equal to or in excess of 1.0 milligram per square centimeter or more than 0.5 percent by weight.
  • Some states and localities regulate paint with lower concentrations of lead.
  • It is the primary source of lead-contaminated dust in housing.

Why was lead used in paint?

  • Lead was added for color and durability.
  • Lead-based paint was banned in 1978.

Very hazardous to children.

  • Damages the brain and central nervous system; can cause decreased intelligence, reading and learning difficulties, behavioral problems and hyperactivity.
  • Damage can be irreversible, affecting children throughout their lives.

Hazardous to pregnant women.

  • Damage to the fetus.

Also hazardous to workers and other adults.

  • High blood pressure.
  • Loss of sex drive and/or capability.
  • Physical fatigue.

Lead exposure causes permanent damage.

Symptoms Of Lead Poisoning are Not Always Obvious

  • Symptoms are easily misinterpreted by medical personnel, thus delaying effective treatment and increasing the likelihood of permanent physical and mental damage.
  • Only sure way to determine lead poisoning is to take a blood lead level (BLL) test.

Why are Dust and Debris a Problem?

  • Renovation activities that disturb lead-based paint create dust and debris.  Debris becomes dust.
  • Lead-contaminated dust is poisonous.
  • Very small amounts of lead-contaminated dust can poison children and adult
  • Children swallow dust during ordinary play activities.
  • Adults swallow or breathe dust during work activities.
  • Workers can bring lead-contaminated dust home and poison their families.

One Gram Of Lead-Based Paint Can Contaminate A Large Area!

EPA RRP Rule For All Homes Built Prior To 1978

Addresses activities that disturb lead-based paint in target housing and child-occupied facilities. It requires:

  • Renovators to be certified through training.
  • Firms to be certified.
  • Training providers to be accredited.
  • Lead-safe work practices during renovations.
  • Pre-renovation education in target housing and child-occupied facilities.

On or after October 1, 2010, firms working in pre-1978 homes and child-occupied facilities must be certified and use lead-safe work practices during renovations.

EPA may authorize states, territories and tribes to enforce the Rule.

After October 1, 2010, the final rule addresses lead-based pain hazards created by renovation, repair and painting activities that disturb lead-based paint in “target-housing” and “child-occupied facilities.”

Target Housing is a home of residential unit built on or before December 31, 1977, except:

  • Housing designated for the elderly or persons with disabilities (unless any child who is less than 6 years of age resides or is expected to reside in such housing.)
  • Any zero-bedroom dwelling (e.g. studio apartments, hospitals, hotels, dormitories, etc).

A Child-Occupied Facility is a pre-1978 building that meets all three of the criteria below:

  • Visited regularly by the same child, under 6 years of age.
  • The visits are on at least two different days within a week (Sunday through Saturday period), provided that each day’s visit lasts at least 3 hours.
  • Combined weekly visits last at least 6 hours, and the combined annual visits last at least 60 hours.

Child-occupied facilities may be located in a public or commercial building or in target housing.  These facilities include schools, child care facilities, and daycare centers.

State Authorization: EPA may authorize states, territories and tribes to enforce all aspects of the RRP Rule.  Such states are called “Agreement states.”  EPA enforces the Rule in non-Agreement states.

The Rule is effective April 22, 2010.  By October 1, 2010:

  • Training providers must be accredited.
  • Renovation  firms must be certified.
  • Renovators and dust sampling technicians must be trained and certified.
  • Non-certified workers must work under and be trained on-the-job by a Certified Renovator.
  • Work practices must be followed for work covered by the rule.
  • Renovators must educate owners/occupants.

The RRP Rule:   Individual Certification

  • To become a Certified Renovator, an individual must take and EPA-approved 8-hour training course from an EPA-accredited training provider.

The RRP Rule: Enforcement

EPA may suspend, revoke or modify a firm’s certification if the Certified Firm or Certified Renovator is found to be in non compliance.

Those firms found to be  non-compliant may be liable for civil penalties of up to $32,500 for each violation.

Those firms who knowingly or willfully violate this regulation may be subject to fines of up to an additional $32,500 per violation, or imprisonment, or both.

Enforcement   October 1, 2010


HUD’s Lead Safe Housing Rule:

Safe Work Practices

HUD’s rule requires lead safe work practices for:

  • Control of identified lead based paint hazards.
  • Renovation.
  • standard treatments
  • ongoing lead based paint maintenance

State and Local Regulations

  • States and localities may have different regulations than EPA and HUD for renovations in target housing.
  • Check with your state and local housing and environmental agencies to obtain information about such requirements.

Now You Know…..

The EPA Renovation, Repair and Painting Program Final Rule (RRP) applies to renovation in housing in child-occupied facilities built before 1978 that contain lead-bases paint.